Abacus Activities for Beginners

The abacus has long been a playroom icon. There are so many activities you can do with an abacus, even before your child is ready for adding and multiplication. Here are a few abacus activities to get you started.Abacus Activities for Beginners - perfect for toddlers

Learning Colours
The brightly coloured beads are so attractive to young toddlers, and they can get real enjoyment from just pushing them from side to side. I worked in some colour learning by asking F to point at the blue beads, the red beads, etc.

You can form letters on the abacus! Although some are tricky, most are possible. Here are some examples:

Abacus Activities for Beginners

Like the letters, you can make shapes with the abacus.

Abacus Activities for Beginners

And of course, an abacus is perfect for learning numbers. As F moves each bead from one side to another, I count with him.

Abacus Activities for Beginners - perfect for toddlers

Counting Songs
To further illustrate numbers 1-10, you can incorporate the abacus into some counting songs, moving the beads as appropriate with the song. Here are some counting song ideas:

  • Five Little Ducks
  • 10 Little Indians
  • Five Little Speckled Frogs
  • One Man Went to Mow
  • 10 Green Bottles
  • Five Little Monkeys